Halloween datum

halloween datum

Wann ist Halloween? Datum und Ursprung des Festes. Halloween steht für „All Hallows' Eve“, was aus dem Englischen übersetzt so viel wie „der Abend vor. Halloween (Aussprache: /hæləˈwiːn, hæloʊ̯ˈiːn/, deutsch auch: / ˈhɛloviːn/, von All Auch Wahrsagerei sei zu diesem Datum üblich gewesen. 5. Sept. Halloween findet jedes Jahr am selben Datum statt, nämlich am Oktober. In diesem Jahr, , fällt Halloween somit auf einen Mittwoch. Viele haben sich das Datum fett im Kalender angestrichen, um es ja nicht zu verpassen. Encuentro de Dos Mundos Welchen Fakt über Halloween wusstet ihr noch nicht? Kalender Kalender Kalender Ein einfaches Rezept sat1. The Magic Eightball Test. Wo geht was am Unmittelbar auf den Spuk folgt mit Allerheiligen ein ebenfalls teilweise gesetzlich vorgeschriebener Feiertag. In dieser Zeit, so glaubte man, seien auch die Seelen der Toten zu ihren Heimen zurückgekehrt. Kalenderwochen Kalenderwochen Kalenderwochen Kalenderwochen So werden Sie zum Untoten sat1. Was passiert an Halloween?

datum halloween -

Wo geht was am Alle Angaben auf diesem Portal sind ohne Gewähr. In Irland wurden ursprünglich Steckrüben verwendet, um Jack-o-lanterns herzustellen. Halloween findet jährlich am Inhaltlich betrachtet, haben diese beiden Feiertage jedoch nichts gemeinsam. Wilsons Rural Cyclopedia Halloween einer der wichtigsten Feiertage insbesondere der Landbevölkerung in England und Schottland und werde ausgelassen begangen. Die entsprechende Wechselwirkung und zugehörige Widersprüche sind bis in die Gegenwart verbreitet. Tag des Prinzen Louis Rwagasore Unmittelbar auf den Spuk folgt mit Allerheiligen ein ebenfalls teilweise gesetzlich vorgeschriebener Feiertag. Vergleichbare Bräuche existierten und existieren in Deutschland auch zu anderen Jahreszeiten, wurden jedoch — so die Meinung von Kritikern — durch den lauten und teils schrillen Charakter von Halloween verdrängt.

Halloween Datum Video

Datum vom Skull Trooper bekannt! - Fortnite

It was in the late s that haunted houses as a major attraction began to appear, focusing first on California. Home haunts began appearing across the country during and The haunted house as an American cultural icon can be attributed to the opening of the Haunted Mansion in Disneyland on 12 August The first Halloween haunted house run by a nonprofit organization was produced in by the Sycamore-Deer Park Jaycees in Clifton, Ohio.

It was last produced in The March of Dimes copyrighted a "Mini haunted house for the March of Dimes" in and began fundraising through their local chapters by conducting haunted houses soon after.

Although they apparently quit supporting this type of event nationally sometime in the s, some March of Dimes haunted houses have persisted until today.

As a result of the fire, eight teenagers perished. The smaller venues, especially the nonprofit attractions, were unable to compete financially, and the better funded commercial enterprises filled the vacuum.

In the late s and early s, theme parks entered the business seriously. Knott's Scary Farm experienced a surge in attendance in the s as a result of America's obsession with Halloween as a cultural event.

Theme parks have played a major role in globalizing the holiday. On All Hallows' Eve, many Western Christian denominations encourage abstinence from meat , giving rise to a variety of vegetarian foods associated with this day.

Because in the Northern Hemisphere Halloween comes in the wake of the yearly apple harvest, candy apples known as toffee apples outside North America , caramel apples or taffy apples are common Halloween treats made by rolling whole apples in a sticky sugar syrup, sometimes followed by rolling them in nuts.

At one time, candy apples were commonly given to trick-or-treating children, but the practice rapidly waned in the wake of widespread rumors that some individuals were embedding items like pins and razor blades in the apples in the United States.

Nonetheless, many parents assumed that such heinous practices were rampant because of the mass media. At the peak of the hysteria, some hospitals offered free X-rays of children's Halloween hauls in order to find evidence of tampering.

Virtually all of the few known candy poisoning incidents involved parents who poisoned their own children's candy.

One custom that persists in modern-day Ireland is the baking or more often nowadays, the purchase of a barmbrack Irish: This is similar to the tradition of king cake at the festival of Epiphany.

On Hallowe'en All Hallows' Eve , in Poland , believers were once taught to pray out loud as they walk through the forests in order that the souls of the dead might find comfort; in Spain, Christian priests in tiny villages toll their church bells in order to remind their congregants to remember the dead on All Hallows' Eve.

The Christian Church traditionally observed Hallowe'en through a vigil. Worshippers prepared themselves for feasting on the following All Saints' Day with prayers and fasting.

Today, Christian attitudes towards Halloween are diverse. In the Anglican Church , some dioceses have chosen to emphasize the Christian traditions associated with All Hallow's Eve.

One organization, the American Tract Society , stated that around 3 million gospel tracts are ordered from them alone for Hallowe'en celebrations.

If it is just a game, there is no harm in that. To these Christians, Halloween holds no threat to the spiritual lives of children: In the Roman Catholic Church , Halloween's Christian connection is acknowledged, and Halloween celebrations are common in many Catholic parochial schools.

The Eastern Orthodox Church recommends the observance of Vespers or a Paraklesis on the Western observance of All Hallows' Eve, out of the pastoral need to provide an alternative to popular celebrations.

According to Alfred J. Many Jews observe Yizkor communally four times a year, which is vaguely similar to the observance of Allhallowtide in Christianity, in the sense that prayers are said for both "martyrs and for one's own family".

Sheikh Idris Palmer , author of A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam , has argued that Muslims should not participate in Halloween, stating that "participation in Halloween is worse than participation in Christmas, Easter, Hindus remember the dead during the festival of Pitru Paksha , during which Hindus pay homage to and perform a ceremony "to keep the souls of their ancestors at rest".

It is celebrated in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada , usually in mid-September. There is no consistent rule or view on Halloween amongst those who describe themselves as Neopagans or Wiccans.

Some Neopagans do not observe Halloween, but instead observe Samhain on 1 November, [] some neopagans do enjoy Halloween festivities, stating that one can observe both "the solemnity of Samhain in addition to the fun of Halloween".

Some neopagans are opposed to the celebration of Hallowe'en, stating that it "trivializes Samhain", [] and "avoid Halloween, because of the interruptions from trick or treaters".

Starting at sundown, Wiccans celebrate a holiday known as Samhain. Samhain actually comes from old Celtic traditions and is not exclusive to Neopagan religions like Wicca.

While the traditions of this holiday originate in Celtic countries, modern day Wiccans don't try to historically replicate Samhain celebrations.

Some traditional Samhain rituals are still practised, but at its core, the period is treated as a time to celebrate darkness and the dead — a possible reason why Samhain can be confused with Halloween celebrations.

The traditions and importance of Halloween vary greatly among countries that observe it. In Scotland and Ireland, traditional Halloween customs include children dressing up in costume going "guising", holding parties, while other practices in Ireland include lighting bonfires, and having firework displays.

This larger North American influence, particularly in iconic and commercial elements, has extended to places such as Ecuador, Chile , [] Australia, [] New Zealand , [] most continental Europe , Japan, and other parts of East Asia.

Most of the people from Latin America construct altars in their homes to honor their deceased relatives and they decorate them with flowers and candies and other offerings.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the observance. For other uses, see Halloween disambiguation.

For other uses, see All Hallows' Eve disambiguation. A jack-o'-lantern , one of the symbols of Halloween. On All Hallows' Eve, Christians in some parts of the world visit cemeteries to pray and place flowers and candles on the graves of their loved ones.

Halloween portal Christianity portal Holidays portal. John's Eve Walpurgis Night Will-o'-the-wisp. Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 1 November It is widely believed that many Hallowe'en traditions have evolved from an ancient Celtic festival called Samhain which was Christianised by the early Church The Church traditionally held a vigil on All Hallows' Eve when worshippers would prepare themselves with prayers and fasting prior to the feast day itself.

The name derives from the Old English 'hallowed' meaning holy or sanctified and is now usually contracted to the more familiar word Hallowe'en.

However, there are supporters of the view that Hallowe'en, as the eve of All Saints' Day, originated entirely independently of Samhain The Book of Occasional Services This service may be used on the evening of October 31, known as All Hallows' Eve.

Suitable festivities and entertainments may take place before or after this service, and a visit may be made to a cemetery or burial place.

The Anglican Family Prayer Book. Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 31 October Use this simple prayer service in conjunction with Halloween festivities to mark the Christian roots of this festival.

Archived from the original on 31 October Rather than compete, liturgy planners would do well to consider ways of including children in the celebration of these vigil Masses.

For example, children might be encouraged to wear Halloween costumes representing their patron saint or their favorite saint, clearly adding a new level of meaning to the Halloween celebrations and the celebration of All Saints' Day.

From the Union of the kingdoms, , to the present time. Archived from the original on 21 June Of the stated rustic festivals peculiar to Scotland the most important was Hallowe'en, a contraction for All-hallow Evening, or the evening of All-Saints Day, the annual return of which was a season for joy and festivity.

Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Halloween All Hallows Eve. Northeast Dairy Cooperative Federation.

Originally celebrated as the night before All Saints' Day, Christians chose November first to honor their many saints.

The night before was called All Saints' Eve or hallowed eve meaning holy evening. Archived from the original on 6 October Archived from the original PDF on 19 November Halloween or Hallowe'en, is the yearly celebration on October 31st that signifies the first day of Allhallowtide, being the time to remember the dead, including martyrs, saints and all faithful departed Christians.

Archived from the original on 18 June The Irish pre-Christian observances influenced the Christian festival of All Hallows' Eve, celebrated on the same date.

The Making of the English Village: A Study in Historical Geography. Archived from the original on 23 April Retrieved 14 December Time out of time', when the barriers between this world and the next were down, the dead returned from the grave, and gods and strangers from the underworld walked abroad was a twice- yearly reality, on dates Christianised as All Hallows' Eve and All Hallows' Day.

Women's History in Global Perspective. University of Illinois Press. The pre-Christian observance obviously influenced the Christian celebration of All Hallows' Eve, just as the Taoist festival affected the newer Buddhist Ullambana festival.

Although the Christian version of All Saints' and All Souls' Days came to emphasize prayers for the dead, visits to graves, and the role of the living assuring the safe passage to heaven of their departed loved ones, older notions never disappeared.

From Pagan Ritual to Party Night. Archived from the original on 31 December But both are thought to embody strong pre-Christian beliefs.

In the case of Halloween, the Celtic celebration of Samhain is critical to its pagan legacy, a claim that has been foregrounded in recent years by both new-age enthusiasts and the evangelical Right.

Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 11 August Moser sieht die Ursprünge von Halloween insgesamt in einem christlichen Brauch, nicht in einem keltischen.

Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo in German. Abgesehen von Irrtümern wie die Herleitung des Fests in ungebrochener Tradition "seit Jahren" ist eine mangelnde vertrautheit mit der heimischen Folklore festzustellen.

Allerheiligen war lange vor der Halloween invasion ein wichtiger Brauchtermin und ist das ncoh heute. So wie viele heimische Bräuche generell als fruchtbarkeitsbringend und dämonenaustreibend interpretiert werden, was trottz aller Aufklärungsarbeit nicht auszurotten ist, begegnet uns Halloween als Aber es wird nicht als solches inszeniert.

Ist Halloween schon wieder out? Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 12 November Darin widerspricht Döring der These, Halloween sei ursprünglich ein keltisch-heidnisches Totenfest.

Irische Einwanderer hätten das Fest nach Amerika gebracht, so Döring, von wo aus es als "amerikanischer" Brauch nach Europa zurückkehrte. Most funerals are Lutheran, and nearly 98 percent of all funerals take place in a church.

It is customary to take pictures of funerals or even videotape them. To Finns, death is a part of the cycle of life, and a funeral is another special occasion worth remembering.

In fact, during All Hallow's Eve and Christmas Eve, cemeteries are known as valomeri , or seas of light. Finns visit cemeteries and light candles in remembrance of the deceased.

Archived PDF from the original on 5 October Retrieved 31 May About All Hallows Eve: Tonight is the eve of All Saints Day, the festival in the Church that recalls the faith and witness of the men and women who have come before us.

The service celebrates our continuing communion with them, and memorializes the recently deceased. The early church followed the Jewish custom that a new day began at sundown; thus, feasts and festivals in the church were observed beginning on the night before.

Among the European nations the beautiful custom of lighting candles for the dead was always a part of the "All Hallow's Eve" festival.

Companion to the Calendar. In most of Europe, Halloween is strictly a religious event. Sometimes in North America the church's traditions are lost or confused.

The roots of Halloween are tamer than you think". Archived from the original on 26 November By the early 20th century, Halloween, like Christmas, was commercialized.

Pre-made costumes, decorations and special candy all became available. The Christian origins of the holiday were downplayed. Leisure and entertainment in America.

Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 2 June Halloween, a holiday with religious origins but increasingly secularized as celebrated in America, came to assume major proportions as a children's festivity.

Land of Milk and Honey: The vigil of the feast is Halloween, the night when charms and incantations were powerful, when people looked into the future, and when feasting and merriment were ordained.

Up to recent time this was a day of abstinence, when according to church ruling no flesh meat was allowed. Colcannon, apple cake and barm brack, as well as apples and nuts were part of the festive fare.

Food, Feasts, and Faith: Retrieved 13 August In Ireland, dishes based on potatoes and other vegetables were associated with Halloween, as meat was forbidden during the Catholic vigil and fast leading up to All Saint's Day.

Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 13 October The American Desk Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 29 April University Press of Kentucky, p.

From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , pp. Penguin Books Ltd; Reprint edition: An encyclopaedia of the Irish folk tradition.

Prentice Hall Press, The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain. Oxford University Press, The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore.

An Oxford Archaeological Guide. Retrieved 19 October They were both respected and feared. The Year in Ireland: The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries.

The Silver Bough, Volume 3. Christmas in Ritual and Tradition. In The Celtic Consciousness , ed.

A Study in Magic and Religion. Chapter 63, Part 1: The Religion of the Ancient Celts. Festivals Archived 12 October at the Wayback Machine..

Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 2 October Christian leaders made old Celtic and Roman customs into new Christian ones. Bonfires were once lighted against evil spirits.

Now, they kept away the devil. Oral folk-tales of Wessex. Foodlore of Popular Fruits and Vegetables. Lathrop , Fortress Press, p. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 19 September Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 25 October And this custom became so favored in popular esteem that, for a long time, it was a regular observance in the country towns of England for small companies to go from parish to parish, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face.

Trick-or-treating began as souling an English and Irish tradition in which the poor, wearing masks, would go door to door and beg for soul cakes in exchange for people's dead relatives.

Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead.

The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice". A Slice of History. Like the perennial favourites, hot cross buns; they were often marked with a cross to indicate that they were baked as alms.

Traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians in Africa: Interreligious Encounters and Dialogue. Villagers were also encouraged to masquerade on this day, not to frighten unwelcome spirits, but to honor Christian saints.

Poor churches could not afford genuine relics and instead had processions in which parishioners dressed as saints, angels and devils.

It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween.

Another contributor to the custom of dressing up at Halloween was the old Irish practice of marking All Hallows' Day with religious pageants that recounted biblical events.

These were common during the Middle Ages all across Europe. The featured players dressed as saints and angels, but there were also plenty of roles for demons who had more fun, capering, acting devilish, and playing to the crows.

The pageant began inside the church, then moved by procession to the churchyard, where it continued long into the night.

An American Holiday, an American History. Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend. Since the 16th century, costumes have become a central part of Halloween traditions.

Perhaps the most common traditional Halloween costume is that of the ghost. This is likely because The baking and sharing of souls cakes was introduced around the 15th century: Around the 16th century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called guising to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming.

Wearing costumes, another tradition, has many possible explanations, such as it was done to confuse the spirits or souls who visited the earth or who rose from local graveyards to engage in what was called a Danse Macabre, basically a large party among the dead.

Rising from the Flames: The Experience of the Severely Burned. University of Pennsylvania Press. Halloween, incorporated into the Christian year as the eve of All Saints Day, marked the return of the souls of the departed and the release of devils who could move freely on that night.

Fires lit on that night served to prevent the influence of such spirits and to provide omens for the future. Modern children go from house to house at Halloween with flashlights powered by electric batteries, while jack o'lanterns perhaps with an actual candle, but often with a lightbulb glow from windows and porches.

And even then, the educated folk of the districts concerned, declared that these fires were a relic of papistical days, when they were lit at night to guide the poor souls back to earth.

The New Cambridge Medieval History: Sometimes enacted as at village pageants, the danse macabre was also performed as court masques, the courtiers dressing up as corpses from various strata of society Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo.

On the other hand the postmodern phenomenon of "antifashion" is also to be found in some Halloween costumes. Black and orange are a 'must' with many costumes.

Halloween — like the medieval danse macabre — is closely connected with superstitions and it might be a way of dealing with death in a playful way.

Christian Origins of Halloween. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.

Stations of the Sun: Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.

The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out. The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.

He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution, and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.

From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , p. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp.

Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Hide it [the great carbuncle] under thy cloak, say'st thou?

Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern! Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p. Legends and Lore of South Carolina.

The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling. Whispering Pine Press International.

The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.

Halloween in North America". The Book of Hallowe'en , Boston: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co. Archived from the original on 14 October De oogst was dan binnen, het zaaigoed voor het volgende jaar lag klaar en dus was er even tijd voor een vrije dag, het Keltische Nieuwjaar of Samhain uitspraak Saun , dat ook het Ierse woord is geworden voor de maand november.

Samhain was ook nog om een andere reden zeer bijzonder. De geesten die uit dode mensen op zouden rijzen, werden aangetrokken door voedsel voor hen neer te leggen voor de deuren.

Om echter de boze geesten af te weren droegen de Kelten maskers. In de 9e eeuw stak een Europees christelijk gebruik de zee over en vermengde zich met het halloweenfeest.

Op Allerzielen 2 november gingen in lompen gehulde christenen in de dorpen rond en bedelden om zielencake brood met krenten.

Voor elk brood beloofden ze een gebed te zeggen voor de dode verwanten van de schenker, om op die manier zijn bevrijding uit de tijdelijke straffen van het vagevuur te versnellen en zodoende zijn opname in de hemel te bespoedigen.

De trick-or-treattocht vindt wellicht daar zijn oorsprong. In de Verenigde Staten maakte het feest vooral opgang in de tweede helft van de 19e eeuw , toen grote groepen Ierse en Schotse immigranten het land binnenkwamen.

In de VS dook in deze tijd de bekende jack-o'-lantern op, een uitgeholde pompoen die op een gezicht lijkt. Wereldwijd is dit wellicht het bekendste symbool van Halloween geworden.

Gedurende een groot deel van de 20e eeuw was Halloween in de VS vooral een kinderfeest. Tijdens dit kinderfeest gaan de kinderen 's avonds veelal onder begeleiding van een oudere verkleed langs de deuren en vragen om een traktatie trick or treat.

De bedoeling is om diegene die opendoet een beetje bang te maken. Vaak heeft de bewoner dan snoep in huis, waaruit de kinderen kunnen kiezen.

De huizen die deelnemen, zijn herkenbaar door zichtbare halloweenversieringen. Vanaf de jaren werd het ook steeds meer een feest voor volwassenen.

De verkleedpartijen en het griezelaspect werden steeds belangrijker. Veel lagere scholen organiseren een trick-or-treat -tocht.

Uit onderzoek in bleek dat inmiddels meer dan de helft van de Nederlandse bevolking Halloween vierde. Halloween bleek het minder goed te doen in de provincies Groningen , Drenthe , Zeeland en Utrecht , waar het van oorsprong rooms-katholieke sint-maartensfeest op 11 november belangrijker was dan in de rest van Nederland.

Ook in sommige Belgische plaatsen wordt het sint-maartensfeest gevierd. Ook in Suriname wordt Halloween groot gevierd. In dit land is deze traditie uit de Verenigde Staten overgewaaid.

Vooral onder de jeugd is Halloween er populair. Op het eiland Bonaire komen alle kinderen van een dorp of stad bij elkaar, maar in plaats van bij mensen langs de deuren te gaan, gaan ze bij winkels langs.

Halloween datum -

Einfach abnehmen - so klappt's! Wie bereits oben geschrieben, geht der Termin darauf zurück, dass katholische Iren vor dem Allerheiligen-Fest am 1. Oktober um Die frühere Forschung vermutete den ältesten Hinweis auf das Samhain-Fest im schwer zu deutenden Kalender von Coligny aus dem 1. Der Finsterling Jack Oldfield konnte durch eine List den Teufel in eine Rübe einsperren und er wollte ihn nur herauslassen, wenn der Teufel ihm in Zukunft nicht mehr in die Quere käme.

The Religion of the Ancient Celts. Festivals Archived 12 October at the Wayback Machine.. Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 2 October Christian leaders made old Celtic and Roman customs into new Christian ones.

Bonfires were once lighted against evil spirits. Now, they kept away the devil. Oral folk-tales of Wessex. Foodlore of Popular Fruits and Vegetables.

Lathrop , Fortress Press, p. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 19 September Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 25 October And this custom became so favored in popular esteem that, for a long time, it was a regular observance in the country towns of England for small companies to go from parish to parish, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face.

Trick-or-treating began as souling an English and Irish tradition in which the poor, wearing masks, would go door to door and beg for soul cakes in exchange for people's dead relatives.

Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead.

The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice". A Slice of History. Like the perennial favourites, hot cross buns; they were often marked with a cross to indicate that they were baked as alms.

Traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians in Africa: Interreligious Encounters and Dialogue. Villagers were also encouraged to masquerade on this day, not to frighten unwelcome spirits, but to honor Christian saints.

Poor churches could not afford genuine relics and instead had processions in which parishioners dressed as saints, angels and devils.

It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween. Another contributor to the custom of dressing up at Halloween was the old Irish practice of marking All Hallows' Day with religious pageants that recounted biblical events.

These were common during the Middle Ages all across Europe. The featured players dressed as saints and angels, but there were also plenty of roles for demons who had more fun, capering, acting devilish, and playing to the crows.

The pageant began inside the church, then moved by procession to the churchyard, where it continued long into the night. An American Holiday, an American History.

Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend. Since the 16th century, costumes have become a central part of Halloween traditions.

Perhaps the most common traditional Halloween costume is that of the ghost. This is likely because The baking and sharing of souls cakes was introduced around the 15th century: Around the 16th century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called guising to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming.

Wearing costumes, another tradition, has many possible explanations, such as it was done to confuse the spirits or souls who visited the earth or who rose from local graveyards to engage in what was called a Danse Macabre, basically a large party among the dead.

Rising from the Flames: The Experience of the Severely Burned. University of Pennsylvania Press. Halloween, incorporated into the Christian year as the eve of All Saints Day, marked the return of the souls of the departed and the release of devils who could move freely on that night.

Fires lit on that night served to prevent the influence of such spirits and to provide omens for the future. Modern children go from house to house at Halloween with flashlights powered by electric batteries, while jack o'lanterns perhaps with an actual candle, but often with a lightbulb glow from windows and porches.

And even then, the educated folk of the districts concerned, declared that these fires were a relic of papistical days, when they were lit at night to guide the poor souls back to earth.

The New Cambridge Medieval History: Sometimes enacted as at village pageants, the danse macabre was also performed as court masques, the courtiers dressing up as corpses from various strata of society Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo.

On the other hand the postmodern phenomenon of "antifashion" is also to be found in some Halloween costumes. Black and orange are a 'must' with many costumes.

Halloween — like the medieval danse macabre — is closely connected with superstitions and it might be a way of dealing with death in a playful way.

Christian Origins of Halloween. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.

Stations of the Sun: Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.

The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out. The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.

He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution, and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.

From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , p. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp.

Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Hide it [the great carbuncle] under thy cloak, say'st thou? Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern!

Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p. Legends and Lore of South Carolina. The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling.

Whispering Pine Press International. The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.

Halloween in North America". The Book of Hallowe'en , Boston: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co. Archived from the original on 14 October Wright, "A Halloween Story", St.

Nicholas , October , p. The Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween in , although not by the term 'trick-or-treating'.

Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 17 October A time of spiritual unrest, when the souls of the dead, along with ghosts and evil spirits, were believed to walk the land.

Church bells were run and fires lit to guide these souls on their way and deflect them from haunting honest Christian folk.

Barns and homes were blessed to protect people and livestock from the effects of witches, who were believed to accompany the malignant spirits as they traveld the earth.

Although a rare few continued to divine the future, cast spells, and tell ghost stories in rural communities, woe to anyone who was denounced to the church for engaging in such activities.

These may seem like innocent fun today, but it was deadly serious stuff during the Middle Ages. Celtic Myth and Religion. Parlor Games for the Wise and Otherwise.

Archived from the original on 8 December Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 6 October A Fight for Frights as Tastes Change".

Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 8 March Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 8 August Catalog of Copyright Entries: The New York Times.

Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 28 August Archived from the original on 13 August Archived PDF from the original on 15 February Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October All Hallow's Eve was a Western Anglo Christian holiday that revolved around commemorating the dead using humor to intimidate death itself.

Like all holidays, All Hallow's Eve involved traditional treats. The church encouraged an abstinence from meat, which created many vegetarian dishes.

Struggle for Safe and Sane Halloween, c. Pins and Needles in Halloween Candy". Trick, Treat or Myth? Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 23 January Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted.

Priests in tiny Spanish villages still ring their church bells to remind parishioners to honor the dead on All Hallows Eve. Andrew James Harvey 31 October Or "Halloween" for short — a fixture on the liturgical calendar of the Christian West since the seventh century.

Archived from the original on 24 May The Vigil is based on the monastic office of Vigils or Matins , when the monks would arise in the middle of the night to pray.

On major feast days, they would have an extended service of readings scriptural, patristic, and from lives of the saints in addition to chanting the psalms.

This all would be done in the dark, of course, and was an opportunity to listen carefully to the Word of God as well as the words of the Church Fathers and great saints.

The Vigil of All Saints is an adaptation of this ancient practice, using the canonical office of Compline at the end. Cor et Lumen Christi Community.

Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 2 November In its first year — AD — over people participated from several countries.

This included special All Saints Vigil masses, extended periods of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and parties for children.

In our second year 10, participated. Since these modest beginnings, the Night of Light has been adopted in many countries around the world with vast numbers involved each year from a Cathedral in India to a convent in New Zealand; from Churches in the US and Europe to Africa; in Schools, churches, homes and church halls all ages have got involved.

Although it began in the Catholic Church it has been taken up be other Christians who while keeping its essentials have adapted it to suit their own traditions.

Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 6 November It was invented in , in leafy Chertsey, Surrey, when perhaps 1, people took part.

Now it is a worldwide movement, popular in Africa and the United States. The heart of the Night of Light is an all-night vigil of prayer, but there is room for children's fun too: The minimum gesture is to put a lighted candle in the window, which is in itself too exciting for some proponents of health and safety.

The inventor of the Night of Light is Damian Stayne, the founder of a year-round religious community called Cor et Lumen Christi — heart and light of Christ.

This new movement is Catholic, orthodox and charismatic — emphasising the work of the Holy Spirit. An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church.

The BOS notes that "suitable festivities and entertainments" may precede of follow the service, and there may be a visit to a cemetery or burial place.

My folks are Polish and they celebrate Halloween in a different way. It is time to remember your dead and visit the cemetery and graves of your loved ones.

The Church of England. Archived from the original on 18 May Christianity needs to make clear its positive message for young people.

It's high time we reclaimed the Christian aspects of Halloween," says the Bishop, explaining the background to his letter.

Retrieved 22 October Ook in Suriname wordt Halloween groot gevierd. In dit land is deze traditie uit de Verenigde Staten overgewaaid.

Vooral onder de jeugd is Halloween er populair. Op het eiland Bonaire komen alle kinderen van een dorp of stad bij elkaar, maar in plaats van bij mensen langs de deuren te gaan, gaan ze bij winkels langs.

In Nederland is op Halloween kritiek — zoals ook op Valentijnsdag — omdat het ontdekt zou zijn door de commercie als een geschikte aanleiding om de consument tot wat ruimer vertier aan te zetten in de 'slappe' periode tussen zomervakantie en sinterklaas.

Verschillende organisaties en kerkgenootschappen hebben kritiek op Halloween vanwege het " heidense " karakter dat het feest op vele plaatsen zou hebben, alsmede vanwege het spiritisme dat erdoor bevorderd zou worden.

Het oproepen van geesten is niet toegestaan in de Bijbel. Het oorspronkelijke Ierse gebruik hing weliswaar samen met een Keltische heidense traditie, maar was in wezen op christelijke wijze ingevuld.

Pas later kwamen de demonenverkledingen en de horror -outfits op in de Verenigde Staten. Hierbij kwam soms de nadruk op spiritisme alsook de duivel te liggen bij de versieringen.

Vanwege de afwijzing van Allerheiligen en Allerzielen en het vagevuur door het protestantisme , wordt door reformatorische genootschappen vaak bezwaar gemaakt tegen elke uiting van Halloween.

Daar komt nog bij dat 31 oktober voor protestanten een belangrijke gedenkdag is Hervormingsdag en gezien wordt als het begin van de reformatie.

Een meisje ziet het gezicht van haar geliefde in de spiegel tijdens Halloween, zie ook spiegel in het bijgeloof. Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie.

Zie Halloween doorverwijspagina voor andere betekenissen van Halloween. Mediabestanden die bij dit onderwerp horen, zijn te vinden op de pagina Halloween op Wikimedia Commons.

From the British Isles to France to Poland and Italy, the religious remembrance of the ancestral dead became an annual celebration of major importance.

Vind hier meer informatie. Ga je verder, dan ga je hiermee akkoord. Ook in de winter is er veel te beleven in Attractiepark Slagharen.

Spannende attracties en shows, ee Weer of geen weer? Ga mee op avontuur in Kinderpretpark Julianatoren op 1 van 3 weekenddagen in november.

Sinterklaas komt logeren in Duinrell! Swing mee op het SiSaSinterklaasconcert met Sita en sluit aan Eddie de Clown en zijn leger aan freaks nemen Walibi Holland over.

Hier draait hij aan zijn Wheel of Fear. Durf jij het aan? Tickets voor zondag 28 oktober Start Halloween Fright Nights: Betaal de veiling zo snel mogelijk.

Na betaling ontvang je de e-tickets per email. Annuleren is niet mogelijk. Voor deze inhoud is externe informatie nodig.

Om de inhoud te kunnen zien, dien je cookies van derden te accepteren. Ben je de hoogste bieder?

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